Arbor, Vol 188, No 754 (2012)

Optimizando la experiencia de ocio después de los 40


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.754n2007

Douglas A. Kleiber
University of Georgia, Estados Unidos

Resumen


Envejecer es un proceso natural que ocurre a lo largo de toda la vida; no obstante, sugerir que algunas personas envejecen más exitosamente que otras es advertir ciertos criterios para vivir bien al final de la vida y, acto seguido, considerar los factores que contribuyen a ello. En este artículo se sitúa al ocio como frente y eje central del proceso de envejecimiento –especialmente tras la mediana edad–, identificándose aquellos aspectos de la experiencia del ocio que pueden ser más influyentes. En este sentido, se parte de los estándares provistos por modelos de envejecimiento exitoso, reconociéndose sus oportunidades y posibilidades (incluso para quienes parten con desventaja en este proceso), indagando en las experiencias críticas que han podido ser más influyentes durante el período adulto inmediatamente anterior, y considerando el implicarse –o no– como procesos y experiencias que optimizan el ocio y, por extensión, el envejecimiento. Asimismo, se atiende a la participación cívica y social con base en los modelos de adaptación y selección de los psicólogos evolutivos Paul y Margaret Baltes y Leah Carstenson.

Palabras clave


Ocio; edad madura; experiencia óptima

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