Arbor, Vol 188, No 756 (2012)

El uso de Internet y las actitudes políticas: Datos cuantitativos y cualitativos de España


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.756n4009

Clelia Colombo
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España

Carol Galais
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, España

Aina Gallego
Universidad Pompeu Fabra, España

Resumen


En este artículo sostenemos que la extensión del uso de las nuevas tecnologías puede contribuir a un cambio en las actitudes políticas en las democracias industrializadas desarrolladas. Las nuevas tecnologías permiten un acceso más fácil a la información y se caracterizan por la interactividad y la horizontalidad. Estos rasgos pueden fomentar el interés, la eficacia política y las preferencias para la democracia directa. Esta hipótesis se evalúa con datos cuantitativos y cualitativos originales recogidos en España. Se utilizan datos de un estudio sobre Internet y la participación política e información proveniente de dos grupos de discusión formados por jóvenes de clase media segmentados por el nivel de uso de Internet. Las personas usuarias de Internet están claramente más interesadas en la política y tienen un sentido de eficacia interna más desarrollado que las personas no usuarias de este nuevo medio, incluso después de controlar por una gran variedad de factores sociodemográficos y actitudinales. Los grupos de discusión aportaron elementos para comprender el significado de las diferencias actitudinales que se detectaron entre las personas usuarias de Internet y las no usuarias.

Palabras clave


Internet; nuevas tecnologías; actitudes políticas

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