Arbor, Vol 192, No 781 (2016)

La naturaleza no existe: conservacionismos y relaciones internacionales en Doñana


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2016.781n5002

Lino Camprubí
Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, España

Resumen


Tras descartar el acercamiento metodológico a la historia de Doñana como un paso hacia la “conservación de la Naturaleza” con mayúscula, este artículo sitúa la historia del Parque en los contextos políticos, personales y científicos que lo hicieron posible. Estos contextos nos colocan en la escala internacional del desmantelamiento del imperio británico y de la transformación de la ornitología y la ecología como disciplinas. Las rutas migratorias de las aves de Doñana contribuyeron a la dimensión internacional en la que se fraguó el acuerdo entre el World Wildlife Fund (WWF) y el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) que llevó a la inauguración de la Reserva Biológica de Doñana en 1965. La posterior creación del Parque abrió la puerta a nuevos desencuentros entre diversos modos de entender el conservacionismo y entre diferentes categorizaciones científicas del territorio de Doñana. La resolución de estos conflictos dependió de fuerzas y alianzas, lo que permite concluir afinando el argumento metodológico de partida.

Palabras clave


Doñana; World Wildlife Fund; Valverde; Huxley; Franco; ecología; conservación; relaciones internacionales; Parques Nacionales

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