Arbor, Vol 194, No 788 (2018)

¿Para qué sirve la enseñanza de la historia? Perspectivas de docentes y estudiantes británicos

Arthur Chapman
University College London, Reino Unido

Katharine Burn
University of Oxford, Reino Unido

Alison Kitson
University College London, Reino Unido


Se sabe relativamente poco acerca de las ideas de los maestros en formación sobre la naturaleza y el propósito de la enseñanza de la historia. Este artículo revisa la investigación sobre este tema y presenta un análisis de cómo el currículum nacional inglés ha conceptualizado los objetivos de la enseñanza de la historia desde el año 1991. Los datos derivados de una discusión en línea permiten explorar el pensamiento de 40 docentes de historia en prácticas y analizarlos cualitativamente para conocer la variedad de ideas presentes en esta muestra. Los estudiantes tuvieron una amplia gama de puntos de vista sobre los objetivos y propósitos de la enseñanza de la historia y se identificaron las divergencias y convergencias entre el pensamiento de los estudiantes y el pensamiento de los políticos ingleses y de los líderes de opinión. Se concluye que quienes desarrollan los currículos deben prestar mucha más atención que en el pasado al pensamiento de los actuales y futuros profesores de historia, que son en último término los responsables del diseño de las propuestas curriculares.

Palabras clave

Currículum de historia; objetivos y fines de la educación; preparación de los docentes de historia

Texto completo:



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