Arbor, Vol 195, No 794 (2019)

Desarrollo del debate teórico en torno al nacionalismo y la nación a través del esquema kuhniano


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2019.794n4006

Guillermo Reyes Pascual
University of Kent, Reino Unido
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7026-4242

Resumen


Mucho se ha escrito para analizar y dar sentido a dos términos que vienen intrínsecamente unidos, el nacionalismo y la nación. La principal consecuencia positiva de esto ha sido un vasto debate teórico sobre el nacionalismo y la nación que indudablemente los enriquece. La principal consecuencia negativa, por su parte, es que el desarrollo del propio debate, y cómo se ha ido formando, ha recibido poca atención. El objetivo de este artículo es exponer cómo este debate se ha sido desarrollado alrededor de los cuatros paradigmas clásicos del nacionalismo. Para ello, se aplica el esquema kuhniano para saber cuándo, cómo, y por qué se articularon estos paradigmas clásicos en torno a estos dos términos. Con esto se pretende profundizar en la explicación histórica de Moreno Almendral (2015), pero desde la filosofía de la ciencia, desarrollando una visión mucho más detallada del debate en torno al nacionalismo y la nación.

Palabras clave


Esquema kuhniano; nacionalismo; nación; revolución científica; paradigmas

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