Arbor, Vol 188, No 756 (2012)

Crisis de representación y de participación. ¿son las comunidades virtuales nuevas formas de agregación y participación ciudadana?

Mayo Fuster Morell, Joan Subirats

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.756n4002

Resumen


Los sistemas políticos democráticos están atravesando un período de fuertes convulsiones. A partir del análisis de dos casos de estudio de Comunidades de Creación Online (CCOs), como formas pensadas e implementadas en y desde Internet, el artículo presenta algunas conclusiones sobre las características específicas de la participación y la agencia política que puedan resultar generalizables en un proceso de transformación profunda de la democracia contemporánea. Los casos de estudio son el proyecto de memoria viva del Foro Social Europeo y Wikipedia.

Palabras clave


participacion politica; comunidades online; Foro Social Europeo; Wikipedia

Texto completo:


PDF PDF

Referencias


Benkler, Y. (2006): The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Bimber, B.; Flanagin, A. y Stohl, C. (2005): “Reconceptualizing collective action in the contemporary media environment”. Communication Theory. International Communication Association, pp. 365-388.

Calenda, Davide y Lyon, David (2007): “Culture e tecnologie del controllo: riflessioni sul potere nella società della rete”, RIS.

Cain, B.; Dalton, R. y Scarrow, S. (eds.) (2003): Democracy Transformed? Oxford University Press.

Cardon, D. y Aguiton, C. (2007): “The Strength of Weak Cooperation: An Attempt to Understand the Meaning of Web 2.0.” Communications & Strategies, n.º 65.

Crowston y Howison (2004): The social structure of Free and Open Source solfware development. School of Information Studies, Syracusa University.

Della Porta, D. (2004): “Multiple Belongings, Tolerant Identities, and the Construction of ‘Another Politics’: Between the European Social Forum and the Local Social Fora”, en Transnational Protest and Global Activism, ed. D. della Porta y S. Tarrow, Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 175-202.

Emigh, W. y Herring, S. (2005): “C. Collaborative authoring on the Web: A genre analysis of online encyclopedias”, en Proc. HICSS.

Freeman, R. y Rogers, J. (2002): “Open source unionism: Beyond exclusive collective bargaining”, Working USA: Journal of Labor and Society, 5, pp. 3-4.

Fuster Morell, M. (2006): “Transnational Social Movements and information and communication technologies: The case of European Social Forum adopting pro-participative technologies”. Presentación en el taller transnational social movements: organizational networks, discourses and repertoire of action. European University Institute. December 7-8.

Fuster Morell, M. (2008a): “Report on the Openesf.net use and community formation”. Artículo para la asamblea de preparación europea del FSE (June 2008).

Fuster Morell, M. (2008b): “Web analysis of democratic quality of the Online creation communities”, Social Movements Colloquium - European University Institute.

Fuster Morell, M. (2008c): “Social Forums and Technology: Hypothesis on why online communities promoted by Social Forums don’t easily scale up”. Artículo parte de la documentación del seminario “Networked Politics and Technology”. School of Information UC Berkeley, 6 & 7 December 2008 (www.networked-politics.info).

Fuster Morell, M. (2009): Capítulo: “ Mapping online creation communities: Large - N web analysis of democratic qualities”, Governance of online creation communities. Provision of platforms for participation for the building of digital commons (2/3 doctoral thesis). Department Social and political science-European University Institute.

Granovetter, M. (2005): “The Strength of Weak Ties, A Network Theory Revisited”, SociologicalTheory, Volume 1 (1983), 201-233.

Glott, Ruediger; Philipp Schmidt y Rishab Ghosh (UNU-MERIT) (2009): “Wikipedia Survey”. Artículo por publicar. Presentación en Wikimania.

Hibbings, J. R. y Theiss-Morse, E. (2002): Stealth Democracy: Americans Beliefs’ about How Government Should Work. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613722

Hill, W.; Hollan, J.; Wroblewski, D. y Mc- Candless, Tim (1992): “Edit wear and read wear,” Reunión de CHI’92, SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Monterey, CA, mayo 3-7), pp. 3-9.

Kittur, A.; Chi, E.; Pendleton, B.; Suh, B. y Mytkowicz, T. (2007): “Power of the few vs. wisdom of the crowd: Wikipedia and the rise of the bourgeoisie”. En la 25th Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI).

Koch, S. y Schneider, G. (2002): “Effort, cooperation and coordination in an open source software project: GNOME”, Information Systems Journal, vol. 12, n.º 1, pp. 27-42.

Nielsen, Jakob (1997): “Community is Dead; Long Live Mega-Collaboration”, Alertbox de Jakob Nielsen, 15 agosto, http://www.useit.com/alertbox/9708b.html.

Nonnecke, B. y Preece, J. (2003): “Silent participants: Getting to know lurkers better”, en D. Fisher y Christopher Lueg, en Usenet to Co Webs: Interacting with social information spaces, Springer, pp. 110-132.

Norris, P. (2002): Democratic Phoenix: reinventing political activist. Cambridge Uni. Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610073

Ortega, F. y González-Barahona, J. M. (2007): “Quantitative analysis of the Wikipedia community of users”, en WikiSym ’07: Proceedings of the 2007 international symposium on Wikis, ACM: New York, NY, USA.

Preece, J. (2000): Online Communities: Supporting Sociability, Designing Usability. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Raymond, E.; Gagné, D.; Sévigny, A. y Tourigny, A. (2008): La participation sociale des aînés dans une perspective de viellissement en santé, Québec: Institut national de santé publique du Québec, INSPQ.

Rheingold, H. (1993): The Virtual Community. Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Robles, J. M. y Molina, O. (2007): “La brecha digital. ¿Una consecuencia más de las desigualdades sociales?”, en Empiria, n.º 13, Madrid-UNED.

Rosanvallon, P. (2006): La contre-démocratie. París, Seuil.

Rosanvallon, P. (2008): La legitimité democratique. París, Seuil.

Stalder, F. (2007): “Bourgeois Anarchism and Authoritarian Democracies”. Simposio Changing politics through digital networks: The role of ICTs in the formation of new social and political actors and actions, Florencia, octubre.

Subirats, J. (2002): “The dilemmas of an inevitable relationship: democratic innovation and the information and communication technology”, en Jordana, J. (ed.), Governing Telecommunications and the New Information Society in Europe, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, pp. 228-250.

Tilly, Ch. (2007): Democracy. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Ubasart, G. (ed.) (2009): Barcelona per l’acció comunitària. Guia de xarxes d’intercanvi solidari. Ajuntament de Barcelona, Barcelona.

Viegas, Wattenberg, Kriss y van Ham (2007): “Talk Before You Type: Coordination in Wikipedia”. Visual Communication Lab, IBM Research. Reunión de la 40th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.

Weber, S. (2004): The success of open source. Harward Press.

Whittaker, S.; Terveen, L.; Hill, W. y Cherny, Lynn (1998): “The dynamics of mass interaction”, Reunión de CSCW 98, ACM Conference on Computer- Supported Cooperative Work (Seattle, WA, noviembre 14-18), pp. 257-264.




Copyright (c) 2012 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento 3.0 España (CC-by).


Contacte con la revista arbor@csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es