El ocio de los jóvenes en la sociedad contemporánea


  • Ken Roberts School of Sociology and Social Policy. University of Liverpool



Palabras clave:

Capital cultural, ocio, post-industrialismo, capital social, juventud


Este artículo examina cómo ha cambiado el ocio de los jóvenes en Europa occidental desde los años 50. Considera los efectos de la extensión de la etapa vital de la juventud, el ingreso en una era post-industrial y el notable aumento del gasto en ocio. El artículo explora las maneras en que las culturas juveniles se han convertido ahora en medios donde las relaciones y divisiones sociales son transformadas antes que reproducidas, y argumenta que esto es más plausible en relación al género, para algunas –aunque no todas– las divisiones étnicas, y totalmente implausible en relación a la clase social. Se aduce que las diferencias de clase en la socialización del ocio durante la infancia, que resultan en la adquisición de diferentes cantidades y tipos de capital cultural, junto a las relaciones sociales formadas entre pares sociales, permiten que las diferencias de clase se mantengan a lo largo de la etapa vital de la juventud, incluso aunque los jóvenes en la mayoría de trayectorias de clase compartan gran parte de su ocio.


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Cómo citar

Roberts, K. (2012). El ocio de los jóvenes en la sociedad contemporánea. Arbor, 188(754), 327–337. https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.754n2006