Hábitos saludables de los trabajadores del CSIC durante el confinamiento por la COVID-19 en España

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2022.806011

Palabras clave:

COVID-19, confinamiento en España, hábitos dietéticos, actividad física, estado de ánimo, ingesta alimentaria como escape emocional

Resumen


Objeto: la crisis de la COVID-19 ha causado un cambio profundo en el estilo de vida de la ciudadanía. Las olas previas han demostrado que en régimen de confinamiento se pueden desarrollar problemas de salud mental y hay efectos sobre la actividad física y cambios en los hábitos dietéticos. Tema y metodología: se envió a los trabajadores del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) un cuestionario en línea sobre sus costumbres relacionadas con la salud durante el confinamiento en España. Resultados: en general se observó una mejora en los patrones dietéticos, excepto por la ingesta de aperitivos y de productos de panadería y bollería. La actividad física quedó sustancialmente reducida, especialmente en los hombres, al contrario que los cambios psicológicos, que fueron mayores en las mujeres, manifestados principalmente como ansiedad y desorden del sueño. Además, las conductas de ingesta alimentaria como escape emocional se detectaron principalmente en las mujeres, aunque la ingesta relacionada con el aburrimiento se observó en ambos géneros. Conclusión: los patrones dietéticos de los trabajadores del CSIC siguieron en general las recomendaciones para el confinamiento de la COVID-19, aunque la mitad de los participantes disminuyeron la práctica de actividad física. Con respecto a los cambios psicológicos, las conductas de ingesta alimentaria como escape emocional aparecieron asociadas a la ansiedad, especialmente en las mujeres, y al aburrimiento en ambos géneros.

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Publicado

2022-12-30

Cómo citar

De Diego, E. H. ., Zapatera, B. ., Frías, J. ., & Gómez-Martínez, S. . (2022). Hábitos saludables de los trabajadores del CSIC durante el confinamiento por la COVID-19 en España. Arbor, 198(806), a681. https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2022.806011

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