Arbor, Vol 191, No 773 (2015)

Hábitos de vida saludables, género y cáncer


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2015.773n3002

Pedro Pérez-Segura
Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos, España

Resumen


Si tuviésemos que clasificar los factores de riesgo que nos hacen más proclives a desarrollar cáncer podríamos hacerlo, de una manera sencilla, en factores endógenos y exógenos. Dentro de los primeros estarían todos aquellos que tienen que ver con la herencia (genes de predisposición) o con alteraciones moleculares no hereditarias que hacen que nuestras células se “vuelvan” malignas con más facilidad, estos factores son inmodificables. Sin embargo, los factores exógenos dependen de los llamados “hábitos de vida”, son factores modificables e influyen en un porcentaje importante de los cánceres más prevalentes en la actualidad, como son el de colon, mama y pulmón. Actuando sobre el tabaco y la obesidad se reduciría entre un 30%y 40% la incidencia de cáncer en los países industrializados. Este artículo es una revisión del papel de los hábitos de vida negativos en la producción del cáncer.

Palabras clave


alcohol; factores reproductivos; obesidad; tabaco

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Referencias


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