Arbor, Vol 188, No 756 (2012)

El impacto de Internet en la participación política: Revisando el papel del interés político


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2012.756n4008

Rosa Borge
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). Barcelona, España

Ana Sofía Cardenal
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC). Barcelona, España

Claudia Malpica
Universidad de Salamanca, España

Resumen


El objetivo de este artículo es investigar la relación entre el uso de Internet, la motivación y la participación política. En concreto nos interesa descubrir si el uso de Internet cambia la importancia que se da a la motivación política en las explicaciones clásicas de la participación. Para examinar esta cuestión, se ha empleado la encuesta 2736 del Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas (CIS) que versa sobre participación política y usos de Internet. Los análisis muestran que el uso de Internet tiene un efecto positivo sobre la participación, independientemente del interés por la política, y que los usuarios de Internet que son habilidosos con este medio no necesitan estar motivados o interesados en la política para participar al menos en una actividad política por Internet.

Palabras clave


Participación política en línea; Internet; Interés Político; Habilidades con Internet

Texto completo:


PDF

Referencias


Aldrich, J. H. (1983): “A Downsian Spatial Model with Party Activism”, The American Political Science Review 77, pp. 974-990. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1957570

Anduiza, E.; Cantijoch, M. y Cristancho, C. (2009): “Los ciudadanos y el uso de Internet en la campaña electoral”, en Montero, J. R. y Lago, I. (eds.), Las elecciones generales de 2008. Madrid, CIS.

Anduiza, E.; Cantijoch, M. y Gallego, A. (2009): “Political Participation and the Internet”, Information, Communication and Society, 12: 6, pp. 860-878. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691180802282720

Anduiza, E.; Cantijoch, M.; Colombo, C.; Gallego, A. y Salcedo, J. (2010): “Los usos políticos de Internet en España”, Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas 129, pp. 133-146.

Anduiza, E.; Cantijoch, M.; Gallego, A. y Salcedo, J. (2010): Internet y participación política en España, Colección Opiniones y Actitudes, núm. 63. Madrid, CIS.

Anduiza, E.; Gallego, A. y Cantijoch, M. (2010): “Online Political participation in Spain: The Impact of Traditional and Internet Resources”, Journal of Information, Technology and Politics, 7 (4). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19331681003791891

Anduiza, E.; Gallego, A. y Jorba, L. (2009): “The Political Kowledge Gap in the New Media Environment: Evidence from Spain”, Paper presentado en las Joint Sessions of the ECPR, Lisboa.

Barry, B. (1978): Sociologists, Economists and Democracy, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press.

Best, S. J. y Krueger, B. S. (2005): “Analysing the Representativeness of Internet Political Participation”, Political Behavior 27 (2), pp. 183-215. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11109-005-3242-y

Bimber, B. (2001): “Information and Political Engagement in America: The Search for Effects of Information Technology at the Individual Level”, Political Research Quaterly. 53 (1), pp. 53-67.

Bimber, B. (2003): Information and American Democracy, New York, Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511615573

Boncheck, M. S. (1995): “Grassroots in Cyberspace: Recruiting Members on the Internet or Do Computer Networks Facilitate Collective Action? A Transaction Cost Approach”, 53rd Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.

Boulianne, S. (2009): “Does Internet Use Affect Engagement? A Meta-Analysis of Research”, Political Communication, 26, pp. 193-211. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10584600902854363

Cantijoch, M. (2009): “Reinforcement and mobilisation: the influence of the Internet on different types of political participation”, International Seminar “Citizen Politics: Are the New Media Reshaping Political Engagement’”, Barcelona, UAB.

Clark, P. B. y Wilson, J. Q. (1961): “Incentive Systems: A Theory of Organizations”, Administrative Science Quarterly, 6, pp. 129-166. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2390752

Delli Carpini (2000): “Gen.com: Youth, Civic Engagement, and the New Information Environment”, Political Communication, 17 (4), pp. 341-349. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10584600050178942

Downs, A. (1957): An Economic Theory of Democracy, New York, Harper y Row.

Di Genaro, C. y Dutton, W. (2006): “The Internet and the public: Online and offline political participation in the UK”, Parliamentary Affairs, 59, pp. 299-313. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pa/gsl004

Gibson, R. K.; Lusoli, W. y Ward, S. (2005): “Online participation in the UK: Testing a ‘Contextualised’ Model of Internet Effects”, British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 7, pp. 561-583. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-856X.2005.00209.x

Granick, S. (2005): “A Reconceptualization of the Antecedents of Party Activism: A Multidisciplinary Approach”, Political Studies 53, pp. 598-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9248.2005.00546.x

Jensen, M. J.; Danzinger, J. N. y Venkatesh, A. (2007): “Civil Society and Cyber Society: The Role of the Internet in Community Associations and Democratic Politics”, The Infomation Society, 23, pp. 39-50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01972240601057528

Karakaya, R. (2005): “The Internet and Political Participation. Exploring the Explanatory Links”, European Journal of Communication, 20, pp. 435-559. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0267323105058251

Krueger, B. (2002): “Assesing the Potential of Internet Political Participation in the United States. A Resource Approach”, American Political Research, Vol. 30 (5), pp. 476-498. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1532673X02030005002

Krueger, B. (2006): “A Comparison of Conventional and Internet Political Mobilization”, American Politics Research, 34, pp. 759-776. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1532673X06290911

Margolis, M. y Resnick, D. (2000): Politics as Usual: The “Cyberspace Revolution”, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Mossberger, K. (2009): “Toward digital citizenship: addresing inequality in the information age”, en Chadwick, A. H. y Howard, P. N. (Ed.), Routledge Handbook of Internet Politics. London, Routledge.

Mossberger, K.; Tolbert, C. J. y McNeal, R. S. (2008): Digital Citizenship. The Internet, Society, and Participation, Cambridge, Massachusetts, The MIT Press.

Norris, P. (2001): Digital divide: Civic engagement, information poverty and the Internet worldwide, Cambridge, United Kingdom:, Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139164887

Olson, M. (1965): The Logic of Collective Action. Public Goods and the Theory of Groups, Cambridge, Massachusetts, Hravard University Press.

Putnam, R. (2000): Bowling Alone, New York: Simon and Schuster.

Quintelier, E. y Vissers, S. (2008): “The Effect of Internet Use on Political Participation. An Analysis of Survey Results for 16-Year-Olds in Belgium”, Social Science Computer Review, 26, pp. 411-427. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894439307312631

Riker, W. y Ordeshook, P. C. (1968): “A theory of the calculus of voting”, American Political Science Review, 61, pp. 25-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1953324

Tolbert, C. y McNeal, R. (2003): “Unraveling the Effects of the Internet on Political Participation?”, Political Research Quaterly, 56 (2), pp. 175-185.

Verba, S.; Schlozman, K. L. y Brady, H. E. (1995): Voice and Equality. Civic Voluntarism in American Politics, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.

Ward, S.; Gibson, R. K. y Lusoli, W. (2003): “Participation and Mobilization online: Hype, hope and reality”, Parliamentary Affairs, 56, pp. 652-668. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/pa/gsg108

Weber, L. M.; Loumakis, A. y Bergman, J. (2003): “Who participates and why? An analysis of citizens on the Internet and the mass public”, Social Science Computer Review, 21, pp. 26-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0894439302238969

Whiteley, P. y Seyd, P. (1998) The Dynamics of Party Activism in Britain: A Spiral of Demobilization British Journal of Political Science, 28, pp. 113-137.

Whiteley, P.; Seyd, P.; Richardson, J. y Bissell, P. (1994): “Explaining Party Activism: The Case of the British Conservative Party”, British Journal of Political Science, 24, pp. 79-94. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007123400006797

Xenos, M. y Moy, P. (2007): “Direct and Differential Effects of the Internet on Political and Civic Engagement”, Journal of Communication, 57, pp. 704-718. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-2466.2007.00364.x




Copyright (c) 2012 Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)

Licencia de Creative Commons
Esta obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento 4.0 Internacional.


Contacte con la revista arbor@csic.es

Soporte técnico soporte.tecnico.revistas@csic.es