Arbor, Vol 191, No 773 (2015)

Cáncer y fertilidad


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2015.773n3009

Begoña Bermejo
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, España

Blanca Navarro
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, España

Ana Lluch
Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valencia, España

Resumen


Los cambios sociológicos de las últimas décadas han llevado a que el inicio de la maternidad se retrase de forma considerable. Por otra parte, el diagnóstico temprano de algunos cánceres como el de mama o el de cérvix y el progreso en los tratamientos oncológicos han conseguido tasas de curación muy favorables. Todo ello lleva a que la mujer, que sobrevive cada vez más a esta enfermedad, desee completar su deseo genésico que se va a ver mermado muchas veces por los tratamientos recibidos. Tener hijos es parte importante de la vida de muchas personas, y los médicos (oncólogos, cirujanos, ginecólogos, etc.) deben informar adecuadamente al paciente sobre los riesgos que su proceso conlleva sobre la fertilidad y conocer y ofrecer las diferentes opciones de preservarla. Durante este artículo nos ceñiremos a hablar de la fertilidad en la mujer, cómo se afecta, y cómo protegerla.

Palabras clave


criopreservación; estimulación ovárica; quimioprofilaxis; transposición ovárica

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Referencias


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