Arbor, Vol 194, No 787 (2018)

¿Hubo un 68 científico? Su repercusión en action research y mixing methods


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2018.787n1009

José Andrés-Gallego
Instituto de Historia, CSIC, España
orcid http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9670-2741

Resumen


El autor se plantea si hubo un “68 científico” y se centra en dos aspectos que corresponden a dos propuestas metodológicas definidas en los años cuarenta y cincuenta del siglo XX con las expresiones “action research” y “mixing methods”, aplicadas especialmente en las ciencias sociales. En la primera, el clima creado en torno a los sucesos de 1968 contribuyó a acentuar el sentido participativo que tenía, por definición, la “action research”; es decir: la importancia de que las personas investigadas participen en la elaboración, ejecución y aplicación de esa misma investigación que se hace sobre ellas. Se apelaba ante todo al fondo democrático y antiautoritario que latía en esa propuesta y que se había convertido en parte del clima general dominante en aquellos días. La repercusión del propio 68 en “mixing methods” se centró, por su parte, en el estudio de lo ocurrido (el estudio del 68 por tanto), sobre todo desde el punto de vista sociológico y desde el de la psicología social planteada sobre la base de “mixing methods”. El autor se detiene en la propuesta de Norman Denzin; pero, tanto en el caso del “mixing methods” como en el de la “action research”, se remonta a sus respectivos orígenes inmediatos y, por tanto, a las propuestas que partieron principalmente de Kurt Lewin y la escuela de Chicago.

Palabras clave


Mixed methods; action research; mayo del 68; Kurt Lewin; Norman Denzin

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