Arbor, Vol 185, No 738 (2009)

Ciencia y economía


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2009.738n1050

Andrés Barge-Gil
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España

Aurelia Modrego Rico
Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, España

Resumen


La relación entre ciencia y economía es un tema de gran actualidad, atrae la atención tanto en el mundo científico como en el empresarial y el político. El principal objetivo de este trabajo consiste en mostrar de forma sintética el estado del arte sobre esta cuestión. Para ello, se presenta el análisis de la ciencia realizado por los economistas, prestando especial atención a las controversias existentes entre la perspectiva neoclásica y evolucionista, se repasa la evidencia empírica existente a partir de trabajos de muy distinta naturaleza y se resumen las líneas principales del debate actual acerca el modelo de organización de la ciencia. Las principales conclusiones del estudio muestran que ciencia y economía se hallan íntimamente relacionadas y que sus vínculos son complejos y dinámicos, por lo que se requieren planteamientos flexibles en la gestión y evaluación de dicha relación.

Palabras clave


Ciencia; economía; innovación; impacto; evolucionista

Texto completo:


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