Arbor, Vol 195, No 794 (2019)

¿Nuevos patrones de investigación? Dinámicas de apertura y cierre en el proceso de integración socio-técnica


https://doi.org/10.3989/arbor.2019.794n4002

Andoni Eizagirre
Universidad de Mondragón, España
orcid https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1829-6108

Resumen


La formulación de las políticas de investigación y desarrollo está siendo transformada de manera novedosa en los documentos más recientes que se elaboran en Europa. Una de las peculiaridades es que los patrones de investigación transitan hacia prácticas científico-tecnológicas más interactivas entre los distintos actores de la sociedad. Así, como respuesta a la naturaleza compleja de la investigación las primeras medidas se revelan en aquellas estrategias para la promoción de actitudes emprendedoras y colaborativas entre los actores académico-empresariales de la investigación y el desarrollo. A estas iniciativas se superponen otros planteamientos que trascienden el objetivo primariamente economicista de la colaboración e integran los aspectos sociales y éticos en la investigación y el desarrollo. Sin embargo, estas transformaciones también están sujetas a diversas tensiones de base y a objetivos concurrentes. El artículo dilucida estas dinámicas de apertura-y-cierre y manifiesta que algunas de las relaciones y demandas se muestran más resistentes al cambio.

Palabras clave


Política de I+D; competitividad; integración socio-técnica; investigación e innovación responsable; Unión Europea

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